Peer-reviewed papers by Skeptical Science authors

One of the features of Skeptical Science that makes our content robust is our internal "SkS-review" system. Before any blog posts and rebuttals are published, they are critiqued and reviewed by the SkS team. This process identifies and filters out scientific inaccuracies as well as works on communicating the science more clearly and simply.

The Skeptical Science team is a diverse group of scientists and laypeople scattered all over the globe.  Their expertise covers climate science, social science, environmental science, computer science, physics, chemistry, and biochemistry.  If you want to peruse the scholarly papers published by the SkS team, check out the Google Scholar profiles of some of our team members:

The purpose of Skeptical Science is straightforward: we debunk climate misinformation with peer-reviewed science. Primarily, this involves citing the peer-reviewed research of other scientists. However, a growing aspect of SkS output is adding to the body of scientific knowledge by publishing our own peer-reviewed research. Over the last few years, Skeptical Science authors have published a number of scholarly papers in peer-reviewed journals. Two of our papers, which both have made significant impact both in the mainstream media and in the academic community, have been available to everyone by the generous donations of SkS readers.  Both papers have been marked with a badge below (click on the badges to see the posts when the papers were crowd-funded).

Climate Science

Cowtan, K., & Way, R. G. (2013). Coverage bias in the HadCRUT4 temperature series and its impact on recent temperature trends. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society.

Richardson, M., Davenport, I., & Gurney, R. (2013). Global Snow Mass Measurements and the Effect of Stratigraphic Detail on Inversion of Microwave Brightness Temperatures. Surveys in Geophysics, 1-28.

Brown, B.R., Lemay, M., Allard, M., Barrand, N.E., Barrette, C., Bégin, Y., Bell, T., Bernier, M., Bleau, S., Chau-mont, D., Dibike, Y., Frigon, A., Leblanc, P., Paquin, D.,Sharp, M.J. and Way, R. (2012). Climate variability and change in the Canadian Eastern Subarctic IRIS region (Nunavik and Nunatsiavut). In IRIS-4 Integrated Regional Impact Assessment, edited by M. Allard and M. Lemay, ArcticNet, Quebec: Laval University.

Cawley, G. C., Janacek, G. J., Haylock, M. R., & Dorling, S. R. (2007). Predictive uncertainty in environmental modelling. Neural networks, 20(4), 537-549.

Haylock, M. R., Cawley, G. C., Harpham, C., Wilby, R. L., & Goodess, C. M. (2006). Downscaling heavy precipitation over the United Kingdom: a comparison of dynamical and statistical methods and their future scenarios. International Journal of Climatology, 26(10), 1397-1415.

Cawley, G. C., Haylock, M. R., Dorling, S. R., Goodess, C., & Jones, P. D. (2003, April). Statistical downscaling with artificial neural networks. In ESANN (pp. 167-172).

G. C. Cawley and S. R. Dorling (1996). Reproducing a subjective classification scheme for atmospheric circulation patterns over the united kingdom using a neural network, In Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks (ICANN-96), 281-286.


Cook, J., Nuccitelli, D., Green, S.A., Richardson, M., Winkler, B., Painting, R., Way, R., Jacobs, P., & Skuce, A. (2013). Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature. Environmental Research Letters, 8(2), 024024+.

Refutations of Flawed Analyses

Richardson, M. (2013). Comment on" The phase relation between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature" by Humlum, Stordahl and Solheim. Global and Planetary Change, 107, 226-228.

Nuccitelli, D. A., Abraham, J. P., Benestad, R. E., & Mandia, S. A. (2013). Comment on: Akasofu, S.-I. On the Present Halting of Global Warming. Climate 2013, 1, 4–11. Climate, 1(2), 76-83.

Nuccitelli, D., Way, R., Painting, R., Church, J., & Cook, J. (2012). Comment on ocean heat content and Earth's radiation imbalance. II. Relation to climate shifts. Physics Letters A.

Cawley, G. C. (2011). On the Atmospheric Residence Time of Anthropogenically Sourced Carbon Dioxide. Energy & Fuels, 25(11), 5503-5513.


Lewandowsky, S., Ecker, U. K., Seifert, C. M., Schwarz, N., & Cook, J. (2012). Misinformation and its correction continued influence and successful debiasing. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 13(3), 106-131.

Agnotology-Based Learning

Cook, J., Bedford, D. & Mandia. S. (2014). Raising Climate Literacy through Addressing Misinformation: Case Studies in Agnotology-Based Learning. Journal of Geoscience Education. In press.

Farmer, G.T. & Cook, J. (2013). Climate Change Science: A Modern Synthesis. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media.

Bedford, D., & Cook, J. (2013). Agnotology, Scientific Consensus, and the Teaching and Learning of Climate Change: A Response to Legates, Soon and Briggs. Science & Education, 1-12.

Washington, H., & Cook, J. (2012). Climate change denial: Heads in the sand. Routledge.

Posted by John Cook on Wednesday, 5 March, 2014

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