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Skeptical Science New Research for Week #34 2022

Posted on 25 August 2022 by Doug Bostrom, Marc Kodack

"Wait— you think what?"

In such an atmosphere of  contrived controversy about global warming that we barely dare remark on what we plainly see in front of us for fear of triggering a Cranky Uncle,  perhaps  it's no surprise that Americans experience a "false social reality" by underestimating popular climate policy support:

Pluralistic ignorance—a shared misperception of how others think or behave—poses a challenge to collective action on problems like climate change. Using a representative sample of Americans (N = 6119), we examine whether Americans accurately perceive national concern about climate change and support for mitigating policies. We find a form of pluralistic ignorance that we describe as a false social reality: a near universal perception of public opinion that is the opposite of true public sentiment. Specifically, 80–90% of Americans underestimate the prevalence of support for major climate change mitigation policies and climate concern. While 66–80% Americans support these policies, Americans estimate the prevalence to only be between 37–43% on average. Thus, supporters of climate policies outnumber opponents two to one, while Americans falsely perceive nearly the opposite to be true.

Bold ours. The paper's findings are reminiscent of Stanislaw Lem's more sardonic, on-the-nose jabs at silent, tacit acquiescence to misdirection. 

Politicians are (quite appropriately in many cases) acutely sensitive to the drift of public opinion, meaning that the authors of Americans experience a false social reality by underestimating popular climate policy support by nearly half seem to have identified a significantly dangerous  popular delusion, and a source of deep (even if private) aggravation for many of us. Annoyance is the least of the problems. Cynthia Franz discusses and helps us to see implications of Sparkman, Geiger and Weber's results in her commentary: To create serious movement on climate change, we must dispel the myth of indifference, also in Nature Communications.

Other notables:

Assessing the Interactive Impacts of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response on Power System Costs and Emissions. For many reasons we need to change horses on our stagecoach— without it stopping. There are many gating details to this tricky operation. This paper from our government/NGO section illustrates some of those particularities.

Science advocacy in political rhetoric and actions. Employing a corpus of US presidential speeches, researchers ask: "can a metric for science advocacy be produced, and how does this relate to independent measures of political success?" 

Depopulation, super aging, and extreme heat events in South Korea. An aging population collides with climate change to result in steadily increasing human vulnerablilty to "EHE" or "extreme heat events."

Hidden costs to building foundations due to sea level rise in a changing climate. Employng the built environment around Mobile Bay, Alabama as an example, the authors identify potentially crippling expenses due to damage to foundations and other artifacts, through salinity increases in groundwater.  

All of the above open access and free to read.

104 articles in 48 journals by 625 contributing authors

Assessing the Interactive Impacts of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response on Power System Costs and Emissions,

Observations of climate change, effects

Analysis of global trends of total column water vapour from multiple years of OMI observations
Borger et al., [journal not provided], Open Access pdf 10.5194/acp-2022-149

Climatology of heatwaves in South America identified through ERA5 reanalysis data
Garcia de Araújo et al., International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.7831

Dramatic thinning of Alaskan river ice and its climatic controls
Yang & Zhang, Advances in Climate Change Research, Open Access 10.1016/j.accre.2022.08.001

Farasan Island of Saudi Arabia confronts the measurable impacts of global warming in 45 years
Khedher et al., Scientific Reports, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41598-022-18225-5

Halving of Swiss glacier volume since 1931 observed from terrestrial image photogrammetry
Mannerfelt et al., The Cryosphere, Open Access pdf 10.5194/tc-16-3249-2022

Rapid transformation of tundra ecosystems from ice-wedge degradation
Jorgenson et al., Global and Planetary Change, 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2022.103921

Recent climate change has driven divergent hydrological shifts in high-latitude peatlands
Zhang et al., Nature Communications, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41467-022-32711-4

Instrumentation & observational methods of climate change, effects

Indigenous local observations and experiences can give useful indicators of climate change in data-deficient regions
Chanza & Musakwa, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s13412-022-00757-x

Trend, seasonality, and abrupt change detection method for land surface temperature time-series analysis: Evaluation and improvement
Li et al., Remote Sensing of Environment, 10.1016/j.rse.2022.113222

Modeling, simulation & projection of climate change, effects

Future changes of drought characteristics in Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 6 Shared Socioeconomic Pathway scenarios over Central Asia
Guo et al., International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.7450

Future changes of drought characteristics in Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 6 Shared Socioeconomic Pathway scenarios over Central Asia
Guo et al., International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.7450

Increased extreme swings of Atlantic intertropical convergence zone in a warming climate
Liu et al., Nature Climate Change, 10.1038/s41558-022-01445-y

Advancement of climate & climate effects modeling, simulation & projection

How the CMIP6 climate models project the historical terrestrial GPP in China
Zhang et al., International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.7834

Linear Inverse Modeling of Large-Scale Atmospheric Flow Using Optimal Mode Decomposition
Kwasniok, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 10.1175/jas-d-21-0193.1

Cryosphere & climate change

Dramatic thinning of Alaskan river ice and its climatic controls
Yang & Zhang, Advances in Climate Change Research, Open Access 10.1016/j.accre.2022.08.001

Halving of Swiss glacier volume since 1931 observed from terrestrial image photogrammetry
Mannerfelt et al., The Cryosphere, Open Access pdf 10.5194/tc-16-3249-2022

Sea level & climate change

Farasan Island of Saudi Arabia confronts the measurable impacts of global warming in 45 years
Khedher et al., Scientific Reports, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41598-022-18225-5

Hidden costs to building foundations due to sea level rise in a changing climate
Abdelhafez et al., Scientific Reports, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41598-022-18467-3

Paleoclimate

Effects of orbital forcing, greenhouse gases and ice sheets on Saharan greening in past and future multi-millennia
Duque-Villegas et al., Climate of the Past, Open Access pdf 10.5194/cp-18-1897-2022

Evidence for massive methane hydrate destabilization during the penultimate interglacial warming
Weldeab et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 10.1073/pnas.2201871119

No changes in overall AMOC strength in interglacial PMIP4 timeslices
Jiang et al., [journal not provided], Open Access pdf 10.5194/cp-2022-63

Northeast Greenland: ice-free shelf edge at 79.4°N around the Last Glacial Maximum 25.5–17.5 ka
Rasmussen et al., Boreas, 10.1111/bor.12593

Sustained and intensified lacustrine methane cycling during Early Permian climate warming
Sun et al., Nature Communications, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41467-022-32438-2

Biology & climate change, related geochemistry

A climate risk index for marine life
Boyce et al., Nature Climate Change, 10.1038/s41558-022-01437-y

A common temperature dependence of nutritional demands in ectotherms
Laspoumaderes et al., Ecology Letters, 10.1111/ele.14093

Advance in the timing of the annual migration of the brown-veined white butterfly through Johannesburg, South Africa, over the period 1914–2020
Fitchett et al., International Journal of Biometeorology, 10.1007/s00484-022-02353-8

Biodiversity and ecology of plants and arthropods on the last preserved glacier of the Apennines mountain chain (Italy)
Valle et al., The Holocene, 10.1177/09596836221096292

Citizen science helps predictions of climate change impact on flowering phenology: A study on Anemone nemorosa
Pucha?ka et al., Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Open Access 10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.109133

Climate driven disruption of transitional alpine bumble bee communities
Miller?Struttmann et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16348

Climate drives coupled regime shifts across subtropical estuarine ecosystems
Hesterberg et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 10.1073/pnas.2121654119

Heat tolerance of marine ectotherms in a warming Antarctica
Molina et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16402

Identifying the suitable habitats for Anatolian boxwood (Buxus sempervirens L.) for the future regarding the climate change
Varol et al., Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 10.1007/s00704-022-04179-1

Increasing sensitivity of dryland vegetation greenness to precipitation due to rising atmospheric CO2
Zhang et al., Nature Communications, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41467-022-32631-3

Integrating the Impact of Global Change on the Niche and Physiology of Marine Nitrogen-fixing Cyanobacteria
Wrightson et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16399

Life history predicts global population responses to the weather in terrestrial mammals
Jackson et al., eLife, Open Access 10.7554/elife.74161

Multiple global changes drive grassland productivity and stability: A meta-analysis
Su et al., Journal of Ecology, 10.1111/1365-2745.13983

Multi-season climate projections forecast declines in migratory monarch butterflies
Zylstra et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16349

Prediction of the dynamic distribution for Eucheuma denticulatum (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae) under climate change in the Indo-Pacific Ocean
Du et al., Marine Environmental Research, 10.1016/j.marenvres.2022.105730

Projections of leaf turgor loss point shifts under future climate change scenarios
Tordoni et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16400

Rapid transformation of tundra ecosystems from ice-wedge degradation
Jorgenson et al., Global and Planetary Change, 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2022.103921

Signatures of increasing environmental stress in bumblebee wings over the past century: Insights from museum specimens
Arce et al., Journal of Animal Ecology, 10.1111/1365-2656.13788

The global decline in the sensitivity of vegetation productivity to precipitation from 2001-2018
Zeng et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16403

Warming effects on tree-ring variables in P. hartwegii Lindl. at the extremes of its natural elevational distribution in central Mexico
Carrillo-Arizmendi et al., Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.109109

GHG sources & sinks, flux, related geochemistry

A global assessment of the mixed layer in coastal sediments and implications for carbon storage
Song et al., Nature Communications, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41467-022-32650-0

Reconstructing ocean carbon storage with CMIP6 models and synthetic Argo observations
Turner et al., [journal not provided], Open Access pdf 10.5194/bg-2022-166

The key role of propane in a sustainable cooling sector
Purohit et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Open Access 10.1073/pnas.2206131119

Variations of carbon flux at different time scales in a semi-fixed sandy land ecosystem in Horqin Sandy Land, China
Niu et al., [journal not provided], Open Access pdf 10.5194/bg-2022-171

CO2 capture, sequestration science & engineering

A blue carbon pilot project: Lessons learned
Mack et al., Carbon Management, Open Access pdf 10.1080/17583004.2022.2112292

Assessing carbon storage capacity and saturation across six central US grasslands using data-model integration
Wilcox et al., [journal not provided], Open Access pdf 10.5194/bg-2022-164

Carbon-negative cement manufacturing from seawater-derived magnesium feedstocks
Badjatya et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Open Access 10.1073/pnas.2114680119

Full-scale simulation of a nearly depleted gas field in South Africa for carbon utilisation and storage
Saffou et al., Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, 10.1002/ghg.2160

Structural evolution and strain generation of derived-Cu catalysts during CO2 electroreduction
Lei et al., Nature Communications, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41467-022-32601-9

Thinking negatively about negative emissions technologies: the via negativa, carbon thinking, and climate ethics
Clingerman, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 10.1007/s13412-022-00748-y

Decarbonization

China’s pathway to carbon neutrality for the iron and steel industry
Yu & Tan Zhang Zhang Zhang, Global Environmental Change, Open Access 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2022.102574

Critical evaluation of ecosystem changes from an offshore wind farm: producing natural capital asset and risk registers
Causon et al., Environmental Science & Policy, 10.1016/j.envsci.2022.07.003

From passive network to PV urban community microgrids: Finding the optimal size and upgrading cost
Alcarruz et al., Energy for Sustainable Development, 10.1016/j.esd.2022.08.005

Heat pump inspections result in large energy savings when a pre-selection of households is performed: A promising use case of smart meter data
Weigert et al., Energy Policy, Open Access 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113156

Market, policy, and technology requirements for power systems under ‘30·60’ decarbonization goal of China
Liu et al., Energy for Sustainable Development, 10.1016/j.esd.2022.08.008

Off-grid solar waste in sub-Saharan Africa: Market dynamics, barriers to sustainability, and circular economy solutions
Kinally et al., Energy for Sustainable Development, Open Access 10.1016/j.esd.2022.08.014

Research on energy conservation and carbon emission reduction effects and mechanism: Quasi-experimental evidence from China
Wen & Liu, Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113180

Strategies for short-term intermittency in long-term prospective scenarios in the French power system
Loisel et al., Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113182

Sulfur: A potential resource crisis that could stifle green technology and threaten food security as the world decarbonises
Maslin et al., The Geographical Journal, 10.1111/geoj.12475

The 15-year operational experiences of an 850 kW peri-urban wind turbine: Lessons learned from a behind-the-meter installation in Ireland
Byrne & MacArtain, Energy for Sustainable Development, Open Access 10.1016/j.esd.2022.08.011

Geoengineering climate

Geoengineering, climate change and ecological security
McDonald, Environmental Politics, 10.1080/09644016.2022.2113606

Scenarios for modeling solar radiation modification
MacMartin et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Open Access 10.1073/pnas.2202230119

Targeted artificial ocean cooling to weaken tropical cyclones would be futile
Hlywiak & Nolan, Communications Earth & Environment, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s43247-022-00519-1

Climate change communications & cognition

Americans experience a false social reality by underestimating popular climate policy support by nearly half
Sparkman et al., Nature Communications, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41467-022-32412-y

Beyond Climate Isolationism: a Necessary Shift for Climate Justice
Stephens, Current Climate Change Reports, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s40641-022-00186-6

Perceived responsibility to address climate change consistently relates to increased pro-environmental attitudes, behaviors and policy support: Evidence across 23 countries
Syropoulos & Markowitz, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 10.1016/j.jenvp.2022.101868

Psychological inoculation improves resilience against misinformation on social media
Roozenbeek et al., Science Advances, 10.1126/sciadv.abo6254

Agronomy, animal husbundry, food production & climate change

How public catering accelerates sustainability: a German case study
Speck et al., Sustainability Science, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s11625-022-01183-2

Impacts of climate change and extreme weather on food supply chains cascade across sectors and regions in Australia
Malik et al., Nature Food, 10.1038/s43016-022-00570-3

Increased wheat price spikes and larger economic inequality with 2°C global warming
Zhang et al., One Earth, Open Access pdf 10.1016/j.oneear.2022.07.004

Nitrogen fertilization weakens the linkage between soil carbon and microbial diversity: a global meta-analysis
Yang et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16361

What’s really at ‘steak’? Understanding the global politics of red and processed meat reduction: A framing analysis of stakeholder interviews
Sievert et al., Environmental Science & Policy, 10.1016/j.envsci.2022.08.007

Hydrology, hydrometeorology & climate change

Glacial runoff buffers droughts through the 21st century
Ultee et al., Earth System Dynamics, Open Access pdf 10.5194/esd-13-935-2022

Water loss over the Tibetan Plateau endangers water supply security for Asian populations
, Nature Climate Change, 10.1038/s41558-022-01451-0

Climate change economics

Biodiversity loss and climate change interactions: financial stability implications for central banks and financial supervisors
Kedward et al., Climate Policy, Open Access pdf 10.1080/14693062.2022.2107475

Carbon price floors and low-carbon investment: A survey of German firms
Ohlendorf et al., Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113187

Climate finance to support Caribbean Small Island Developing States efforts in achieving their Nationally Determined Contributions in the energy sector
Mohan, Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113208

Evaluating progress on loss and damage: an assessment of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism under the UNFCCC
Johansson et al., Climate Policy, Open Access pdf 10.1080/14693062.2022.2112935

Climate change and the circular economy

Environmental principles for modern sustainable economic frameworks including the circular economy
Morseletto, Sustainability Science, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s11625-022-01208-w

Climate change mitigation public policy research

Accelerating Pathways to Net Zero: Governance Strategies from Transition Studies and the Transition Accelerator
Rosenbloom & Meadowcroft, Current Climate Change Reports, 10.1007/s40641-022-00185-7

Biophysical and economic constraints on China’s natural climate solutions
Lu et al., Nature Climate Change, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41558-022-01432-3

Bridging the low-carbon technology gap? Assessing energy initiatives for the Global South
Weko & Goldthau, Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113192

China and the global politics of nature-based solutions
Qi & Dauvergne, Environmental Science & Policy, 10.1016/j.envsci.2022.08.008

Downscaling population and urban land use for socio-economic scenarios in the UK
Merkle et al., Regional Environmental Change, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s10113-022-01963-7

Effective land management strategies can help climate mitigation in China
, Nature Climate Change, Open Access 10.1038/s41558-022-01440-3

Evaluating technical and financial factors for commercialising floating offshore wind: A stakeholder analysis
Moverley Smith et al., Wind Energy, 10.1002/we.2777

Market, policy, and technology requirements for power systems under ‘30·60’ decarbonization goal of China
Liu et al., Energy for Sustainable Development, 10.1016/j.esd.2022.08.008

Policy implications of spatially differentiated renewable energy promotion: A multi-level scenario analysis of onshore wind auctioning in Germany
Sheykhha et al., Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113158

Regional convergence of nonrenewable energy consumption in Vietnam
Vo et al., Energy Policy, 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113194

Spanning the boundaries between policy, politics and science to solve wicked problems: policy pilots, deliberation fora and policy labs
Zeigermann & Ettelt, Sustainability Science, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s11625-022-01187-y

Stakeholder mapping and promotion of Sustainable Development Goals in local management
Catzín-Tamayo et al., Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 10.1007/s13412-022-00761-1

The relationship between a ‘polluter pays’ approach to carbon capture, regional policy and ‘just transition’ employment agendas
Turner et al., Climate Policy, Open Access pdf 10.1080/14693062.2022.2110031

The supply-side climate policy of decreasing fossil fuel tax profiles: can subsidized reserves induce a green paradox?
Day & Day, Climatic Change, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s10584-022-03389-w

Climate change adaptation & adaptation public policy research

Are managed retreat programs successful and just? A global mapping of success typologies, justice dimensions, and trade-offs
Ajibade et al., Global Environmental Change, Open Access 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2022.102576

Buyouts with rentbacks: a policy proposal for managing coastal retreat
Keeler et al., Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s13412-022-00762-0

Embedding the value of coastal ecosystem services into climate change adaptation planning
Wedding et al., PeerJ, Open Access 10.7717/peerj.13463

Evaluating the benefits of national adaptation to reduce climate risks and contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals
Fuldauer et al., Global Environmental Change, Open Access 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2022.102575

Mainstreaming climate adaptation into urban development projects in the Netherlands: private sector drivers and municipal policy instruments
ten Brinke et al., Climate Policy, Open Access pdf 10.1080/14693062.2022.2111293

Climate change impacts on human health

Depopulation, super aging, and extreme heat events in South Korea
Seok Kim et al., Climate Risk Management, Open Access 10.1016/j.crm.2022.100456

Relationships between transmission of malaria in Africa and climate factors
Mafwele & Lee, Scientific Reports, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41598-022-18782-9

Other

Large-scale reforestation can increase water yield and reduce drought risk for water-insecure regions in the Asia-Pacific
Teo et al., Global Change Biology, 10.1111/gcb.16404

Rainfall and sea-level variability in the face of changing El Niño: evidence from the U.S.-affiliated Pacific islands
Chowdhury et al., Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 10.1007/s00703-022-00920-7

Russian coal in a changing climate: risks and opportunities for industry and government
Martus & Fortescue, Climatic Change, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s10584-022-03420-0

Science advocacy in political rhetoric and actions
Quigley & Silver, Environment Systems and Decisions, Open Access pdf 10.1007/s10669-022-09875-x

Informed opinion, nudges & major initiatives

Thinking negatively about negative emissions technologies: the via negativa, carbon thinking, and climate ethics
Clingerman, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 10.1007/s13412-022-00748-y

To create serious movement on climate change, we must dispel the myth of indifference
Frantz, Nature Communications, Open Access pdf 10.1038/s41467-022-32413-x

Book reviews

Daniel Yergin. The new map: energy, climate and the clash of nations
Perkins, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Open Access 10.1007/s13412-022-00768-8

Martín Arboleda. Planetary Mine: Territories of Extraction under Late Capitalism
Christie, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 10.1007/s13412-022-00765-x


Articles/Reports from Agencies and Non-Governmental Organizations Addressing Aspects of Climate Change

Offshore Wind Market Report: 2022 Edition, Musial et al, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

The authors provide detailed information on the U.S. and global offshore wind energy industries to inform policymakers, researchers, and analysts about technology, economic, and market trends. The scope of the report covers the status of more than 257 global operating offshore wind energy projects as well as the broader global pipeline of projects in various stages of development through Dec. 31, 2021. To provide up-to-date data and discussion of this emerging industry in the United States, this report tracks the most significant U.S. domestic industry progress and events from Jan. 1, 2021, through May 31, 2022. For example, by May 2022, the U.S. offshore wind energy project development and operational pipeline grew to a potential generating capacity of 40,083 megawatts (MW).

PG&E Climate Strategy Report, Pacific Gas and Electric

This report provides information on PG&E’s strategy and the steps it is taking to meet the challenge of climate change on behalf of the more than 16 million Californians who rely on PG&E to deliver their energy. The report describes the risks and opportunities PG&E faces from a changing energy landscape—along with the potential physical impacts of a changing climate and associated weather patterns. It also describes how PG&E governs climate-related issues and manages climate-related risks.

State Climate Policy and Nature-Based Solutions: A Match That Provides Multiple Benefits for Climate, Water, and More, Felicia Marcus, Stanford University Water in the West Program

The author examines potential synergies between state climate policies and nature-based solutions that yield multiple benefits; outlines barriers to meeting that potential; and provides recommendations to accelerate the implementation of nature-based solutions with water benefits in state climate policies. It is not meant to be exhaustive, but to point out areas for further productive work. The audience is non-climate water practitioners working in the Colorado River Basin and state climate policy practitioners who may not be familiar with the opportunities nature-based solutions (NBS) provide for both climate and water. As a result, the report can be considered something of a primer or resource, including basic information about both fields to educate water practitioners as to what state climate plans entail, and to educate climate practitioners about the opportunity to include (and the necessity of including) NBS as part of their climate planning. The report’s intent is to illuminate an area where further engagement and technical work can help seize an opportunity to meet the climate and water challenges facing the Colorado River Basin states.

The High-Integrity Sustainable Aviation Fuels Handbook, Pedro Piris-Cabezas, Environmental Defense Fund

The handbook offers governments the guidance necessary to ensure that sustainable aviation fuel use for either domestic or international aviation is properly reflected in their greenhouse gas emissions reports. The guidance builds on the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation accounting system and reconciles the inventory reporting requirements with the imperative of rewarding bioenergy only for its real climate benefits. The recommendations are fully compatible with the dual reporting approach adopted under the Paris Agreement.

Assessing the Interactive Impacts of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response on Power System Costs and Emissions, Satchwell et al, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

The report is part of a larger and interrelated effort to understand the interactions between energy efficiency (EE) and demand response (DR) from the building and power system perspectives. The authors quantify the impacts of EE and DR in isolation and in combination on bulk power system costs and emissions based on changes in generation expansion, transmission expansion, and dispatch patterns. The study is intended to assess how EE and DR affect each other’s power system value and to identify the most valuable technologies and strategies that can be jointly deployed. Concerns about competition between EE and DR may be overstated when considering bulk power system costs and emissions impacts. The study results also emphasize the importance of electricity system characteristics in determining the precise impacts of EE and DR interactions. EE and DR provide value to the power system by reducing bulk power system costs in isolation and in combination.

Obtaining articles without journal subscriptions

We know it's frustrating that many articles we cite here are not free to read. One-off paid access fees are generally astronomically priced, suitable for such as "On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light but not as a gamble on unknowns. With a median world income of US$ 9,373, for most of us US$ 42 is significant money to wager on an article's relevance and importance. 

  • Unpaywall offers a browser extension for Chrome and Firefox that automatically indicates when an article is freely accessible and provides immediate access without further trouble. Unpaywall is also unscammy, works well, is itself offered free to use. The organizers (a legitimate nonprofit) report about a 50% success rate
  • The weekly New Research catch is checked against the Unpaywall database with accessible items being flagged. Especially for just-published articles this mechansim may fail. If you're interested in an article title and it is not listed here as "open access," be sure to check the link anyway. 

How is New Research assembled?

Most articles appearing here are found via  RSS feeds from journal publishers, filtered by search terms to produce raw output for assessment of relevance. 

Relevant articles are then queried against the Unpaywall database, to identify open access articles and expose useful metadata for articles appearing in the database. 

The objective of New Research isn't to cast a tinge on scientific results, to color readers' impressions. Hence candidate articles are assessed via two metrics only:

  • Was an article deemed of sufficient merit by a team of journal editors and peer reviewers? The fact of journal RSS output assigns a "yes" to this automatically. 
  • Is an article relevant to the topic of anthropogenic climate change? Due to filter overlap with other publication topics of inquiry, of a typical week's 550 or so input articles about 1/4 of RSS output makes the cut.

A few journals offer public access to "preprint" versions of articles for which the review process is not yet complete. For some key journals this all the mention we'll see in RSS feeds, so we include such items in New Research. These are flagged as "preprint."

The section "Informed opinion, nudges & major initiatives" includes some items that are not scientific research per se but fall instead into the category of "perspectives," observations of implications of research findings, areas needing attention, etc.

Suggestions

Please let us know if you're aware of an article you think may be of interest for Skeptical Science research news, or if we've missed something that may be important. Send your input to Skeptical Science via our contact form.

Journals covered

A list of journals we cover may be found here. We welcome pointers to omissions, new journals etc.

Previous edition

The previous edition of Skeptical Science New Research may be found here.

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