Climate Science Glossary

Term Lookup

Enter a term in the search box to find its definition.


Use the controls in the far right panel to increase or decrease the number of terms automatically displayed (or to completely turn that feature off).

Term Lookup


All IPCC definitions taken from Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp. 941-954. Cambridge University Press.

Home Arguments Software Resources Comments The Consensus Project Translations About Support

Bluesky Facebook LinkedIn Mastodon MeWe

Twitter YouTube RSS Posts RSS Comments Email Subscribe

Climate's changed before
It's the sun
It's not bad
There is no consensus
It's cooling
Models are unreliable
Temp record is unreliable
Animals and plants can adapt
It hasn't warmed since 1998
Antarctica is gaining ice
View All Arguments...

New? Register here
Forgot your password?

Latest Posts


2013 SkS Weekly Digest #25

Posted on 23 June 2013 by John Hartz

SkS Highlights

The Skeptical Science Facebook page will hit the impressive milestone of 10.000 "Likes" in the next day or two. If you have not vistied the SkS Facebook page recently, please take a couple of minutes to do so. A few weeks ago, Ari Jokimäki began posting, on a daily basis, links to recently published, peer-reviewed papers that address various aspects of climate science.

Toon of the Week

2013 Toon 25

H/T to I Heart Climate Scientists Facebook page. 

Quote of the Week

Jim Yong Kim, the bank's president, warned that climate change should not be seen as a future problem that could be put off: "The scientists tell us that if the world warms by 2C – warming which may be reached in 20 to 30 years – that will cause widespread food shortages, unprecedented heatwaves, and more intense cyclones.

"In the near-term, climate change – which is already unfolding – could batter the slums even more and greatly harm the lives and hopes of individuals and families who have had little hand in raising the Earth's temperature."

World's poorest will feel brunt of climate change, warns World Bank by Fiona Harvey, The Guardian, June 19, 2013

Report of the Week

A new report, Turn Down the Heat: Climate Extremes, Regional Impacts and the Case for Resilience released by the World Bank on June 19, analyses the expected effects on South Asia and Africa if global temperatures increase by two and four degrees Celsius.

The report shows that a global temperature rise of two degrees Celsius will have a wide range of dangerous effects, including a loss of 40 to 80 percent of cropland in Africa and rising sea levels that will destroy significant parts of many coastal cities in South Asia.

SkS Week in Review

Coming Soon on SKS

  • A Looming Climate Shift: Ocean Heat Will Come Back to Haunt Us (Rob Painting)
  • 2013 SkS News Roundup #26A (John Hartz)
  • Clarifying the Continuation of Global Warming (Dana)
  • President Obama enforces the law, regulates power plant carbon emissions (Dana)
  • 2013 SkS News Bulletin #15 (John Hartz)
  • BC’s revenue-neutral carbon tax experiment, four years on: It’s working (Andy Skuce)
  • Update on GISP-2 temperature record (Alexander Ac)
  • 2013 SkS News Roundup #26B (John Hartz)

In the Works

  • Climate change science: what’s in a name? (gpwayne)
  • Agnotology, Climastrology, and Replicability Examined in a New Study (Dana)
  • Weathering of rocks: guide to a long-term carbon-sink (John Mason)
  • A tale told in maps and charts: Texas in the National Climate Assessment (Dana)
  • On the power point presentation by John Christy (Klaus Flemloese)
  • How did Ancient Coral Survive in a High CO2 World? (Rob Painting)
  • 282 years of global warming in one graph (keithpickering)

SkS in the News

John Cook gave a talk about recent climate research in which he expressed the continued warming of the planet in terms of Hiroshima atomic bomb detonation equivalents (four per second).  This talk was featured in articles by The Sydney Morning Herald, The Australian, The French Tribune, The Herald Sun, The Age, 9 News National, SBS World News, News Talk ZB, and TVNZ.

Yahoo News and TakePart published an Op-Ed by John Cook about the phony debate over climate change.

Richard Sommerville referenced the 97% consensus in criticizing the San Diego media for false climate balance.

David Suzuki also referenced the consensus project on his blog, The Huffington Post,, and Afnan.

World Bank President Jim Yong Kim also referenced the consensus project, as reported by Reuters.

Elizabeth May used Dana's Lu Blames Global Warming on CFCs (Curve Fitting Correlations) in an article for The Island Times.

Climate Progress re-posted Dana's Heartland's Chinese Academy of Sciences Fantasy.

Peter Sinclair referenced John Cook's talk at the recent Chapman climate communication conference.

Nick Fillmore referenced the consensus project in an Al Jazeera article.

SkS Spotlights

The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world.

Two Institutions, One Mission

We are not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development. We comprise two institutions managed by 188 member countries: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development(IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The IBRD aims to reduce poverty in middle-income and creditworthy poorer countries, while IDA focuses exclusively on the world’s poorest countries. These institutions are part of a larger body known as the World Bank Group.

Established in 1944, the World Bank is headquartered in Washington, D.C. We have more than 9,000 employees in more than 100 offices worldwide.


Six strategic themes drive the Bank’s work, focusing on the poorest countries, fragile and conflict-affected states, the Arab world, middle-income countries, global public goods issues, and delivery of knowledge and learning services.

There are also strategies for the key areas in which we work:

  • Thematic and sector strategies, which guide our work to reduce poverty in a specific sector or aspect of development. Each derives from a broad consultation with a wide array of stakeholders.
  • Country assistance strategies, which identify the key areas in which we can best support a country in reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development.

Financial Products and Services

We provide low-interest loans, interest-free credits, and grants to developing countries. These support a wide array of investments in such areas as education, health, public administration, infrastructure, financial and private sector development, agriculture, and environmental and natural resource management. Some of our projects are cofinanced with governments, other multilateral institutions, commercial banks, export credit agencies, and private sector investors.

We also provide or facilitate financing through trust fund partnerships with bilateral and multilateral donors. Many partners have asked the Bank to help manage initiatives that address needs across a wide range of sectors and developing regions.

Innovative Knowledge Sharing

We offer support to developing countries through policy advice, research and analysis, and technical assistance. Our analytical work often underpins World Bank financing and helps inform developing countries’ own investments. In addition, we support capacity development in the countries we serve. We also sponsor, host, or participate in many conferences and forums on issues of development, often in collaboration with partners.

To ensure that countries can access the best global expertise and help generate cutting-edge knowledge, the Bank is constantly seeking to improve the way it shares its knowledge and engages with clients and the public at large. Key priorities include:

0 0

Printable Version  |  Link to this page


Comments 1 to 6:

  1. I'll just note that there will be some breaks during the next few weeks in the Facebook new research stream due to summer vacation.

    0 0
  2. The "Toon of the Week" solution to climate change has already been proposed by some of our (U.S.) republican members of congress.

    0 0
  3. Hi, can someone point me towards the calculations behind the 'four Hiroshimas a second' statement?

    Thanks, Gillian

    0 0
  4. It's two hiroshimas per second, if you're talking about ocean heat content gain.  I haven't seen a calc for the other two or the other parts of the climate system.  Of course, OHC 0-2000m has spiked in recent months . . .

    0 0
  5. I do believe GillianB is referring to this statement

    Or habe (Hiroshima atomic bomb equivalents) but alas i do not know how this figure was reached.

    0 0
  6. DSL @4, it is the equivalent in energy content to two small nuclear weapons when averaged över the increase in OHC since the 1960s.  Over the last decade, it has average near 4.6 times the energy release by the Little Boy bomb.

    Personally I do not think the comparison is apt on two grounds.  Firstly, in terms of physics, while the energy content is equivalent, the entropy of an atomic explosion is much less than that from the TOA energy imbalance.  Because of this, a single small fission bomb has greater capacity to cause harm than does the TOA energy imbalance, even though the later is global in extent.  Put another way, if some alien race were dropping four small fission bombs at random locations around the globe every second, we would be in no doubt as to the destructive effect of the energy release.  In contrast, the greater energy release from the TOA energy imbalance can only, currently, be shown to be causing harm by statistical analysis.

    Second, I do not consider it appropriate to use the tragedy of Hiroshima for merely illustrative purpose.  Strictly speaking, John Cook referred to the bomb itself rather than its consequences for illustrative purposes, but I see no benefit in even coming close to that line. 

    0 0

You need to be logged in to post a comment. Login via the left margin or if you're new, register here.

The Consensus Project Website


(free to republish)

© Copyright 2024 John Cook
Home | Translations | About Us | Privacy | Contact Us