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All IPCC definitions taken from Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Annex I, Glossary, pp. 941-954. Cambridge University Press.

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Skeptical Science New Research for Week #1, 2020

Posted on 8 January 2020 by doug_bostrom

Supply Side

How are we doing with CO2 emissions? It's an important question, increasingly posed to a mixed bag of CO2 contributors who may or may not provide accurate reportage. Liu et al present a new, additional means of measurement based on satellite observations of nitrogen dioxide co-emitted from coal-fired power plants, in  A methodology to constrain carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants using satellite observations of co-emitted nitrogen dioxide (open access). From the abstract:

The broader implication of our methodology is that it has the potential to provide an additional constraint on CO2 emissions from power plants in regions of the world without reliable emissions accounting. We explore the feasibility by comparing the derived NOx∕CO2 emission ratios for the US with those from a bottom-up emission inventory for other countries and applying our methodology to a power plant in South Africa, where the satellite-based emission estimates show reasonable consistency with other independent estimates. Though our analysis is limited to a few power plants, we expect to be able to apply our method to more US (and world) power plants when multi-year data records become available from new OMI-like sensors with improved capabilities, such as the TROPOspheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI), and upcoming geostationary satellites, such as the Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring Pollution (TEMPO) instrument.

55 Articles

Observations & observational methods of global warming & effects

Human fingerprint in global weather

Climate change now detectable from any single day of weather at global scale

Processes driving global interior ocean pH distribution

Signature of Ocean Warming at the Mixed Layer Base

Seasonal and intra-seasonal rainfall and drought characteristics as indicators of climate change and variability in Southern Africa: a focus on Kabwe and Livingstone in Zambia

Modeling, simulation and assessment of global warming & global warming impacts

Water level changes, subsidence, and sea level rise in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta (open access)

Robust increases in extreme Pacific North American events under greenhouse warming

Impact of climate change on sea surface wind in Southeast Asia, from climatological average to extreme events: results from a dynamical downscaling

The impact of wintertime sea-ice anomalies on high surface heat flux events in the Iceland and Greenland Seas

Climate model advancement

Global variability in radiative-convective equilibrium with a slab ocean under a wide range of CO2 concentrations (open access)

Data Assimilation for Climate Research: Model Parameter Estimation of Large Scale Condensation Scheme

Causes of higher climate sensitivity in CMIP6 models

Revisiting the impact of sea salt on climate sensitivity

The impact of sea surface temperature biases on North American precipitation in a high-resolution climate model

The Impacts of Horizontal Resolution on the Seasonally Dependent Biases of the Northeastern Pacific ITCZ in Coupled Climate Models

Sensitivity of future climate change and uncertainty over India to performance-based model weighting

CMIP5: a Monte Carlo assessment of changes in summertime precipitation characteristics under RCP8.5-sensitivity to annual cycle fidelity, overconfidence, and gaussianity

Biology & global warming

Warmth disfavours natives

Tree growth influenced by warming winter climate and summer moisture availability in northern temperate forests

Experimental acidification increases susceptibility of Mercenaria mercenaria to infection by Vibrio species

Light alters the responses of two marine diatoms to increased warming

GHG sources & sinks, flux

Enhanced carbon uptake and reduced methane emissions in a newly restored wetland

Observing and Simulating Spatial Variations of Forest Carbon Stocks in Complex Terrain

Burial and origin of permafrost derived carbon in the nearshore zone of the southern Canadian Beaufort Sea

The capacity of northern peatlands for long-term carbon sequestration (open access)

Organic Carbon Characteristics in Ice-rich Permafrost in Alas and Yedoma Deposits, Central Yakutia, Siberia (open access)

A methodology to constrain carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants using satellite observations of co-emitted nitrogen dioxide (open access)

Decomposing supply-side and demand-side impacts of climate change on the US electricity system through 2050

Conversion of coastal wetlands, riparian wetlands, and peatlands increases greenhouse gas emissions: A global meta‐analysis

Drivers of change in China’s energy-related CO2 emissions (open access)

China's aircraft-related CO2 emissions: Decomposition analysis, decoupling status, and future trends

Climate change communications & cognition

Scientists’ incentives and attitudes toward public communication (open access)

National print media vs. agricultural trade publications: communicating the 2012 Midwestern US drought

Humans dealing with our global warming

Climate change adaptation strategies of small-scale farmers in Ngamiland East, Botswana

Dynamic projection of anthropogenic emissions in China: methodology and 2015–2050 emission pathways under a range of socioeconomic, climate policy, and pollution control scenarios (open access)

Assessing the impact of climate changes on the potential yields of maize and paddy rice in Northeast China by 2050

Potential impacts of climate change factors and agronomic adaptation strategies on wheat yields in central highlands of Ethiopia

Does renewable energy efficiently spur economic growth? Evidence from Pakistan

Adaptation for Mitigation

The North–South Divide on Public Perceptions of Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering?: A Survey in Six Asia-Pacific Countries (open access)

Impact of climate change on vulnerability of freshwater resources: a case study of Mauritius

Understanding households’ livelihood vulnerability to climate change in the Lamjung district of Nepal

The potential role of renewable electricity generation in Taiwan

Evaluation of cooperative mitigation: captured carbon dioxide for enhanced oil recovery

Market-induced carbon leakage in China’s certified emission reduction projects

Differences in CO2 emissions of solar PV production among technologies and regions: Application to China, EU and USA

Projections of fire danger under climate change over France: where do the greatest uncertainties lie?

Other

Maximum Southwest Greenland Ice Sheet recession in the early Holocene

Evolution of the Global Carbon Cycle and Climate Regulation on Earth

Including indigenous and local knowledge in climate research: an assessment of the opinion of Spanish climate change researchers

Informed opinion & nudges

Firing up ambition (open access)

Legally obtaining copies of "paywalled" articles

We know it's frustrating that many articles we cite here are not free to read. Here's an excellent collection of tips and techniques for obtaining articles, legally. 

Suggestions

Please let us know if you're aware of an article you think may be of interest for Skeptical Science research news, or if we've missed something that may be important. Send your input to Skeptical Science via our contact form.

A list of journals we cover may be found here. We welcome pointers to omissions, new journals etc. 

The previous edition of Skeptical Science New Research may be found here. 

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