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White House: Climate Change Poses Urgent Health Risk

Posted on 11 April 2016 by Guest Author

This is a re-post from Bobby Magill at Climate Central

Climate change is a major threat to human health, with extreme heat likely to kill 27,000 Americans annually by 2100, according to a report released Monday by the White House.

The report, by the U.S. Global Change Research Program, outlines numerous ways global warming could devastate public health in the U.S. this century.

Projected increase in deaths due to warming in summer (April-September) and winter (October-March), and net change in deaths compared to 1990 baseline period for 209 U.S. cities examined. Data from Schwartz et al. 2015.
Click Image to Enlarge. Credit: U.S. Global Change Research Program

Global warming will lead to heat waves so extreme that in the hottest times of the year, it will be “physiologically impossible” for people who work outdoors to do their jobs, John Holdren, a science advisor to the Obama administration, said during a news conference about the report.

“People who work outdoors will be unable to control their body temperature and will die,” he said. “This is a really, really big deal.”

A 2015 Climate Central analysis of climate threats through 2050 for all 50 states, States at Risk, found heat to be the greatest threat of all, and the one for which most states, particularly high-risk states in the South, were poorly prepared.

Climate change will pose a major health threat to people of color, indigenous people and low-income communities, according to the report. It will lead to worsening air pollution, expose more people to waterborne illnesses, leave the American food supply vulnerable to a greater number of toxins and will potentially devastate the U.S. healthcare infrastructure as it becomes exposed to extreme weather.

By the end of the century, climate change will kill many tens of thousands of people every year in the U.S. because of disease and more extreme heat waves, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, winds, lightning, cold snaps and winter storms, the report said.

“For the first time in history we’ve been able to show it’s not just about polar bears and melting ice caps, it’s about our families and about our future,” Gina McCarthy, the administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency administrator, said. “Every part of the U.S. is impacted now by climate and is going to be increasingly impacted if we do not take action now to reduce those impacts.”

The 332-page report, with contributions from hundreds of scientists from universities across the country, was released as part of the Obama administration’s Climate Action Plan. The plan aims to reduce the U.S. contribution to global warming by cutting greenhouse gas emissions by up to 28 percent by 2025. The U.S. is a party to the Paris climate agreement, which aims to keep global warming from exceeding 2°C (3.6°F).

Global warming is driven primarily by carbon dioxide and methane emissions from agriculture, deforestation, petroleum-based transportation and fossil fuel-fired electric power plants. As those greenhouse gas emissions continue to warm the globe, it is expected to lead to rising seas and more extreme weather, such as more frequent and intense heat waves, heavier rainfall, greater flooding, more wildfires and more severe hurricanes and tornado outbreaks in the U.S.

“Changing climate is impacting the intensity, frequency, duration and geographical distribution of the extreme events we’re seeing today,” said Stephanie Herring, a climate scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

The report says climate change will threaten public health by increasing the severity and frequency of existing health problems and by posing unprecedented health problems — such as the spread of tick-borne diseases like Lyme disease — in places where they have never occurred before.

Click Image to Enlarge. Credit: U.S. Global Change Research Program

As temperatures warm, mosquito-born illnesses such as West Nile virus, malaria and dengue fever could also spread throughout the U.S., sickening and killing Americans in the process, the report said. Air quality is expected to decline because of increased ozone pollution and a greater number of severe wildfires, leading to worsened allergy and asthma conditions and deaths.

Poor water quality caused by climate change could also lead to the spread of disease, according to the report. Warmer temperatures will warm lakes and streams, contributing to blooms of toxic algae, while coastal flooding from rising seas and higher storm surge could overwhelm urban wastewater systems and expose residents to waterborne pathogens.

America’s food supply is vulnerable to toxins and diseases spread by warming temperatures, the report said. Higher sea surface temperatures will lead to more mercury in seafood while warming will lead to the wider spread of pathogens, pests and parasites in the food supply such as norovirus, listeria, salmonella, E. coli and others.

Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide also reduces the concentrations of proteins and minerals in some plant species, reducing the nutritional value of wheat and rice, according to the report. Extreme weather could also severely damage America’s food distribution infrastructure, leaving people without access to nutritional food.

Daniel Dodgen, director of At-Risk, Behavioral Health and Community Resilience at the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, said climate-related deaths and extreme weather could also lead to mental health problems as people lose homes, jobs, family and other loved ones to disease and weather extremes.

“If it impacts people’s health, it impacts people’s mental health,” he said.

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Comments 1 to 6:

  1. Two claims in this article/study need explanation because they are not clear to me:

    1. Higher sea surface temperatures will lead to more mercury in seafood


    2. Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide also reduces the concentrations of proteins and minerals in some plant species

    First one sounds dodgy: how can mercury pollution have anything to do with rising CO2/temp? Anyone can explain?

    Second one seems like exaggeration or wrong conclusion. The availability of minerals to plants is not altered by rising CO2/temp. Perhaps, if plants are heat stressed, they also start failing to absorb those minerals. But even with that qualification, still plant growth in general can be limitted by CO2 availability. And that appears to be the case in general, because we observe increased CO2 sequestration by biosphere as FF emissions continue. Where is the evidence how nutrient availability seems to limit the phenomenon of CO2 fertilisation/plant growth?

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  2. I haven't heard anything about mercury, but there's considerable html rature indicating that plants, particularly C3 species, growing more woody and less nutritious with increased CO2, see Myers et al 2014. 

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  3. Gah. Considerable literature, sorry about the tablet autocorrect.

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  4. Here is a less technical artical about it.

    High CO2 Makes Crops Less Nutritious

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  5. chriskoz @1, re mercury, try this.

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  6. I have heard to that hurricane intensity will increase but the number of hurricanes themselves will not. However, this confuses me. Aren't stronger tropical storms going to result too? Doesn't this mean they become hurricanes and thus increase the number of these storms?

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