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Comments 1801 to 1850:

  1. Rob Honeycutt at 01:16 AM on 23 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    @571... "The amount of ice above the previous trend will first have to melt away again."

    Come again? Would like to explain that?

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] Bart appears to think that the processes that have decreased Antarctic ice mass by 2500 Gt in the last 20 years will have some sort of difficulty in removing 330 Gt that have accumulated in the past three years.

  2. Rob Honeycutt at 01:11 AM on 23 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    You seem beligerently intent upon missing the forest for the trees, Bart.

    Let's put it this way: Are you suggesting the most recent changes in ice mass are indicative of a substantive change in the trend? And if so, what do you think is driving such a change?

  3. Bart Vreeken at 00:23 AM on 23 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    'Accusing NASA of cherry-picking, when they used what was probably all the available data at the time the analysis was done - and then claim that your analysis also ending in February is not cherry-picking because it is "all the available data", is hubris.'

    Please have a better look.

    - The data of the analysis by NASA run up to August 2020, but the last part is not used

    - The data of my analysis starts and ends in February, so there is no seasonal effect. 

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] and it was explained back in March that the 149 gT/yr came from picking the maximum and the minimum. You can question that methodology, but accusing people of "cherry-picking" is an accusation of dishonesty.

    Do you understand?

  4. Bart Vreeken at 18:44 PM on 22 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    There is something wrong with the link above. It should be:

  5. Bart Vreeken at 18:39 PM on 22 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    "Where the 149 Gt/yr number comes from was discussed in March"

    OK, let's have a look at the discussion in March. The 149 Gt/yr number comes from a video by NASA, published April 1, 2021.

    The selected data runs from October 2002 (+65 Gt) to February 2020 (-2808 Gt). That's already cherry-picking, for the ice mass tends to be low in February. Why do so? Maybe the publication date gives a hint ;-).

    But ignoring the last two years, like Bob Loblaw does, is even more cherry-picking. This is how it looks like: 

    Antarctica Mass Trend Calculation

    Is it also cherry-picking to end in February 2023? Not really, for it includes all the available data. Maybe we have a relatively high amount of ice now, according to the trend. But we won't know until afterwards. And remember that these are cumulative data. The amount of ice above the previous trend will first have to melt away again. That makes this figure different from a figure in which the temperature is displayed.

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] Accusing commenters here of cherry-picking, when all they are doing it trying to explain how the NASA numbers were determined by NASA, is a violation of the comments policy. The numbers that went into the 149 gT/yr value were clearly stated last March in comment #540.

    No accusations of deception.  Any accusations of deception, fraud, dishonesty or corruption will be deleted. This applies to both sides. You may critique a person's methods but not their motives.

    Accusing NASA of cherry-picking, when they used what was probably all the available data at the time the analysis was done - and then claim that your analysis also ending in February is not cherry-picking because it is "all the available data", is hubris.

    Your argument about how the last few years changes the trend results was addressed in comment # 543, last March.

    Once again, you are attempting to attribute great significance to short-term noise.

    You are adding nothing new to the discussion. Repeating arguments without addressing the counter-arguments falls under the sloganeering category in the Comments Policy.

    No sloganeering.  Comments consisting of simple assertion of a myth already debunked by one of the main articles, and which contain no relevant counter argument or evidence from the peer reviewed literature constitutes trolling rather than genuine discussion. As such they will be deleted. If you think our debunking of one of those myths is in error, you are welcome to discuss that on the relevant thread, provided you give substantial reasons for believing the debunking is in error.  It is asked that you do not clutter up threads by responding to comments that consist just of slogans.

    If you continue to simply re-assert opinions with no substantive argument, expect to see your comments deleted.

     [BL - added] Attributing the 149gT/yr number to a commenter (me) that simply demonstrated the source of the number is scientific malpractice. Such dishonesty will not be tolerated here.


  6. Rob Honeycutt at 09:57 AM on 21 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    Bart @568... Wrong answer. Clearly all the red notations are your modifications, thus an unwary viewer might assume those notations are coming directly from NASA when they are not.

  7. Bart Vreeken at 05:44 AM on 21 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    "Where the 149 Gt/yr number comes from was discussed in March"

    OK, let's have a look at the data of IMBIE, then. IMBIE is the Ice Sheet Mass Balance Inter-comparison Exercise. They compare data from different sources: gravimetry, altimetry, input-output.


    There, the average number over April 2002 - December 2020 is 114,9 Gt/Yr. Very much like my calculation, but without the data of 2021 and 2022. 

    IMBIE3 Rates of ice sheet mass change

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] Once again, you are following the same path you followed in March. Instead of explaining what the source of your figures and numbers and results are the first time you post them, you are forcing people to ask questions, guess at the meaning of your material, speculate on how values are derived, etc. Only then do you provide relevant details.

    For the final time, read the Comments Policy. In this case, the section that applies is:

    No link or picture only. Any link or picture should be accompanied by text summarizing both the content of the link or picture, and showing how it is relevant to the topic of discussion. Failure to do both of these things will result in the comment being considered off topic.

    If you post any further images without a clear indication of what modifications you have made and the source of any data you present, or comments that lack clarity, they will be considered off topic and deleted.

    And again, like you did in March, you are jumping from GRACE to mass balance, to whatever pops up in your head next., Take the time to prepare one comprehensive and coherent comment, instead of a bunch of small scattered ones.


  8. Bart Vreeken at 04:18 AM on 21 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    Hi Rob Honeycutt @567, there is no modification at all on the original graph from NASA itself. You can find the source below:

    I only added the exact month of some of the extremes. And as you can see, I made my own calculation of the 'rate of change', with a very different result. Its calculated over 20 full years since February 2003, to avoid seasonal effects. (2280 Gt / 20 = 114 Gt/y). Where the 149 Gt/y published by NASA comes from, I really don't know. In the previous version it was 151 Gt/y.

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] "There is no modification" and "I have only added" are mutually contradictory claims. This does your credibility no good.

    Where the 149 Gt/yr number comes from was discussed in March. Please read over the older discussion before posting again.


  9. Rob Honeycutt at 03:30 AM on 21 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    Bart @566... When posting a graph like this it would be wise and honest to make a clear notation clarifying it is a modification of the original graph from NASA, citing yourself as the source of the modifications. Otherwise you're misleading people to believe the modifications come directly from NASA.

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] Indeed.

    In particular, Bart's graph in comment # 566 has crossed out the value 149 Gt/yr and replaced it with 114 Gt/yr. The 149 is from NASA, and the 114 is from Bart. The difference between those two values was discussed in March, when Bart first introduced the 114 number in his first comment on this thread (#533). The 149 Gt/yr value is explained in the comments that follow.. I had linked to a site with GRACE data in comment 534, and explained the 149 Gt/yr number in comment #540.

    If Bart is hoping that the previous discussions on this matter will be forgotten, he is wrong. If he is hoping to be able to post the same claims he made in March, without reflecting on the counter-arguments that were made then, he is wrong. He should in particular read the section of the Comments Policy on excessive repetition:

    Comments should avoid excessive repetition. Discussions which circle back on themselves and involve endless repetition of points already discussed do not help clarify relevant points. They are merely tiresome to participants and a barrier to readers. If moderators believe you are being excessively repetitive, they will advise you as such, and any further repetition will be treated as being off topic.

  10. Bart Vreeken at 18:50 PM on 20 May 2023
    Antarctica is gaining ice

    Antarctica Mass BalanceAfter three months, there is another update of the gravitational measurements of the Antarctic ice sheet. The series now runs until February 13, which includes most of the Antarctic summer. Often in February there is a minimum in the amount of ice, but the pattern is not very tight.
    We still see that Antarctica as a whole has a better period. Over the last three years, there has been no net decrease in land ice. The small amount of sea ice must play an important role in this. As a result, more snow falls. Apparently, that was enough to compensate for the increased melting and calving along the edge.
    Changes to the floating ice shelves cannot be measured in this way.

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] Back to this again, with three months more noise to add to the end of the longer-term trend?

    Once again, you are rambling and failing to make a clear explanation of what you expect people to see. The latter part of your comment (marked as "warning") is an assertion of highly speculative, unsupported statements made before.

    If your intention is to return to previous posting patterns, expect to see strong moderation of your comments.

    Please note that posting comments here at SkS is a privilege, not a right.  This privilege can be rescinded if the posting individual treats adherence to the Comments Policy as optional, rather than the mandatory condition of participating in this online forum.

    Please take the time to review the policy and ensure future comments are in full compliance with it.  Thanks for your understanding and compliance in this matter.


  11. ‘It’s gotten really ugly.’ A community of freedom-lovers squares off against climate change in the Arizona desert

    Reminds me of this commentary "How a New Hampshire libertarian utopia was foiled by bears:"

    It really happened, its amusing, and says something about the unintended consequences of  'libertarianism.'

  12. CO2 lags temperature

    Thanks Bob. I was just looking for something clearer. Don't really like the presentation on the intermediate and advanced tabs (forgot about those tabs, btw). Something with the lines closer together and the association clearer. With the lines colored and over each other. Thanks for your and other's efforts.

    I did see one that made me gasp that blamed it somehow on jupiter and dust. Huh? 

  13. CO2 lags temperature

    Thanks, MAR. I see that the story at The Conversation mentions one of the references linked in the Intermediate tab of this post (Parrenin et al, 2013).

  14. Daniel Bailey at 01:46 AM on 19 May 2023
    CO2 lags temperature

    For a longer view of the correlation between CO2 concentrations and global temperatures, look no further than this reconstruction of the past 540 million years of such from Scotese (Scotese 2021 - Phanerozoic paleotemperatures: The earth’s changing climate during the last 540 million years):

    CO2 and temperatures the past 540 million years 

    Link to paper 

    Link to uploaded graphic

    And leaving the last word on the subject to Scotese, a true expert in the field:

    "It has been long recognized that the Earth’s climate, in particular the average global temperature, has alternated between ”icehouse” and “hothouse” states. More than 70 years ago, studies recognized that these climatic “modes” varied on short-term, medium-term, and long-term timescales. During the past 20 years, due to much outstanding research, we now stand at the threshold to a deeper, more complete understanding of both the tempo and mode of global temperature change during the Phanerozoic.

    The Earth’s long-term temperature change is controlled by multiple tectonic and environmental processes that drive the Earth’s climate from icehouse to hothouse conditions, and vice versa. Many of these factors are interconnected by a complex network of positive and negative feedback loops that can accelerate or decelerate changes in long-term global temperature.

    We are currently about halfway through a typical glacial/interglacial cycle. If humans did not inhabit the Earth, about 20,000 years from now, global temperatures would have once again begun to fall and ice sheets would have expanded into the oceans surrounding Antarctica and would have descended from the Arctic to begin a slow and steady march across the northern continents. However, this will not happen. The Earth has entered a “super-interglacial”. The injection of CO2 into the atmosphere as a consequence of the burning of fossil fuels has warmed the Earth more than 1°C and will continue to warm the Earth for another 300 years (~2300 CE).

    In conclusion, we are leaving our Ice Age heritage behind. A new, warmer world awaits us. The problem we face is not so much where we are headed, but rather how we will get there."

  15. CO2 lags temperature

    Bob Loblaw @649,

    The third of the graphics linked-to by Ron @647 (below) is sourced here and does have referenced sources.

    800,000y CO" & temp

  16. CO2 lags temperature

    Ron @ 648:

    I am not sure exactly what you are looking for, or what you want to compare. The post here (check out all three of the basic, intermediate, and advanced tabs, plus the extra information that is posted below the comments) talks about some of the complexities of comparing ice core CO2 data to temperature. There is also a good post here at SkS about ice core data.

    Ice core "temperature" is not global - it's more local or regional, as it is based on oxygen  isotope ratios in the core. This is affected by the temperature at which the precipitation is formed. See this page or this page for more details. When comparing CO2 and temperature, careful consideration of the source of temperature data is needed in order to assess the meaning of the comparison. In addition, estimating age in ice cores involves complexities of glacial flow, how long it takes gas to get trapped, etc.

    The figures you link to do not mention the data sources used. The OP here lists some data sources, but unfortunately it looks like some of the links are broken. A quick search finds sources for Dome C data here and here. Those pages include links to other pages, graphs, and original studies. Depending on just what sort of comparison you are trying to do (especially if it is statistical), you may be best off finding original data and making your own graph. At least then you know exactly what data you are getting.

    The Intermediate tab here also has a section pointing out that later studies have revised some of the timing interpretations of the ice core data. Read down to section 4 "This myth is based on old data".

  17. CO2 lags temperature

    Was there a graph included with the 800,000 yr study? Just want an easy to compare and valid one that I can use.

  18. CO2 lags temperature

    Hi Bob. SkS (SkepticalScience?) ;) Yes, I guess that SS has some bad connotations to it. Sorry.

    There seem to be a lot of graphs out there. Like this one one, or this one. I was thinking of something closer together like this one

  19. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Polling by Pew Research on American scientists attitudes to the climate issue. (Appears to be all scientists not just climate scientists)

    ".....And 77 percent of scientists said climate change is a very serious problem......"

    So quite a strong majority of scientists think climate change is a very serious problem. 


  20. CO2 lags temperature

    Ron @ 645:

    Although the Basic tab shows a Vostok ice core that only covers 400,000 years (the limit available at that station, according to Wikipedia), the Intermediate tab of this article includes another station (Dome C) with an 800,000-year record. Is that the graph you are thinking of?

    Dome C ice core record


    P.S. The preferred abbreviation for Skeptical Science is SkS. Three guesses for why. (First two guesses don't count.)

  21. CO2 lags temperature

    Hi SS. You have a graph showing the relation between Co2 and Temperature going back 400,000 years, but I'm wondering if you can insert the one that goes back 800,000 years?

  22. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Yes Bob - so it proved. Made the beer taste especially good at - I think because it was a while back - the Braunschweiger Hütte. The next day on the Otztaler Wildspitze was a cracking one, despite most of the party being a tad hungover to start with. High mountains magic. Sorry to take this even further O/T: just revisiting memories!

  23. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    John Mason @ 20:

    It sounds to me like you were only caught in a "potentially catastrophic" situation. Since nothing bad actually happened, then obviously it would be pointless in the future to avoid being out on glaciers during lightning events, or running quickly down glaciers with deep crevasses.

    (Where is that html sarcasm tag???)

  24. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    To borrow a contrarian meme, "one more nail in the coffin" of Gordon's quest "to find out what percentage of climate scientists believe that global warming will be catastrophic."

    The study referenced in the OP is not a survey of "what scientists believe". Skeptical Science has a longer post on the 97% consensus theme. The Cook et al (2013) study is just one of the papers discussed there, and this is how it is described (including a link to the paper itself):

    A Skeptical Science-based analysis of over 12,000 peer-reviewed abstracts on the subject 'global climate change' and 'global warming', published between 1991 and 2011, found that over 97% of the papers taking a position on the subject agreed with the consensus position that humans are causing global warming. In a second phase of the project, the scientist authors were emailed and rated over 2,000 of their own papers. Once again, over 97% of the papers taking a position on the cause of global warming agreed that humans are causing it

    Note that the study looked at the abstracts of published papers. And in a second phase, the study did not ask scientists "what they believed" - they asked authors of papers to rate the papers they had written.

    That Gordon confuses reading the literature with "asking what someone believes" tells us more about Gordon than we probably need to know.

    If Gordon seriously wants an answer to his "catastrophic" question, along the lines of the study done by Cook et al (2013), there is an obvious solution:

    Read the scientific literature

  25. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    I suppose when it comes to catastrophic, lightning could be cited as an example. I've been caught way back in my youth in severe electrical storms high up in the European Alps. I recall one occasion when a multi-channel CG strike hit the large glacier I was descending, some 100 metres away - far too close for comfort. Even the guide I was with was freaked out. Memorable, as readers might well imagine. Nevertheless it would only have been catastrophic if it had instead grounded through either (or both) of us. We ran the few miles to the hut from that moment - it was a long glacier - thereby risking the further catastrophe of both of us dropping down a hidden crevasse simultaneously. I don't know, because we escaped both fates, which catastrophe would have been worse!

  26. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Also note that Gordon has taken his "definition" quote from the Positives and negatives of global warming post. He linked to the advanced tab in comment 6, and I have now linked to the basic version three times (including this comment).

    Gordon has absolutely no justification in ignoring that post, where the consequences are laid out in detail. If he disagrees with those consequences - either that they won't happen, or that they are not bad - then he needs to go to that thread and discuss them there.

    If Gordon continues to post off-topic here, there will be consequences. (He can read the Comments Policy to find out what they are.)

  27. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    In spite of being given a definition of "definition", Gordon @ 16 still fails to provide his definition of "catastrophic".

    The quote he has provided, and doubled-down on, says "...the consequences of 4C being potentially catastrophic".

    So, we are back to word games. Let's start with the first key word - consequence:

    consequence (plural consequences)

    1. That which follows something on which it depends; that which is produced by a cause.
    2. A result of actions, especially if such a result is unwanted or unpleasant.
      I'm warning you. If you don't get me the report on time, there will be consequences.
    3. A proposition collected from the agreement of other previous propositions; any conclusion which results from reason or argument; inference.
    4. Chain of causes and effects; consecution.
    5. Importance with respect to what comes after.
    6. The power to influence or produce an effect.
    7. (especially when preceded by "of") Importance, value, or influence.

    So, clearly it is not the 4C that is catastrophic, - it is (as Eclectic has pointed out), what comes along with the 4C. And Gordon has utterly. completely failed to provide any constructive input on just what those consequences are. He even uses the phrase "..the environmental effect of..." as a substitute for "consequences", without ever actually specifying what those effects would be.

    Second important word: potential.

    potential (countable and uncountable, plural potentials)

    1. A currently unrealized ability (with the most common adposition being to). Even from a young age it was clear that she had the potential to become a great musician.
    2. (physics) The gravitational potential: the radial (irrotational, static) component of a gravitational field, also known as the Newtonian potential or the gravitoelectric field.
    3. (physics) The work (energy) required to move a reference particle from a reference location to a specified location in the presence of a force field, for example to bring a unit positive electric charge from an infinite distance to a specified point against an electric field.
    4. (grammar) A verbal construction or form stating something is possible or probable.

    Note definitions 1 and 4. Note the use of "unrealized" and "possible or probable". We are talking here about risk. The "definition" that you have given for "catastrophic" is simply stating that the consequences (of something) are potentially catastrophic.

    Your "question", Gordon, is still just as poorly specified as it was in your first comment on this thread,. Since you refuse to say what consequences (or effects) you want people's opinion on, you are asking a meaningless question.

    And it is still off-topic for this thread. Go to this one, read it, and pose your questions there. But do not simply triple-down on your useless version.

    Positives and negatives of global warming

  28. At a glance - The 97% consensus on global warming

    @ NigelJ - thanks. At a glance are always ideally <500 words that can be read e.g. when you have phoned that utility company and are waiting for an actual human to answer while the tinny music plays on - in fact my experience of the utilities of late is that I could get through a dozen of them. The longer ones (this one's around 700 words) occur either when something has been so slagged off by the opposition that it deserves fuller explanation at all levels - OR when said opposition has picked an obscure and complex topic with which to make word-salad, so lots of first principles have to be explained. In summary - there's no one typical climate myth. Each has to be treated on its anti-merits!

  29. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Gordon ~ regarding Dana Nuccitelli, it's all a matter of context.

    Easy to see when "catastrophic"  is being used as a deflection / strawman that is being shouted (to abort rational thinking).

    Catastrophic  is defined by the effect  (not the absolute temperature e.g. 4 degrees rise).   As I am sure you know very well, Earth's surface temperature was above that 4 degC  level in the distant past  ~  but then  there was much more carbon in the biosphere.   Nowadays . . . not so much carbon "available", but the biosphere is far less resilient against rapid warming (in large part, thanks to the presence of 8+ Billion humans ~ and many of whom live in poverty already).

    Your question about % of scientists "believing" in catastrophic probabilities, is a question that is moot.   It is a question that is designed (consciously or otherwise) to deflect thought away from the practicalities of our current situation.  Or to deflect from the 97% topic?

  30. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Bob @12 & 13,

    I would prefer to refer to the Skeptical Science definition of catastrophic, that being a the environmental effect of a greater than 4°C temperature rise.  We could also ask Dana Nuccitelli (a regular cotributor here) what his definition was when he wrote:

    Climate contrarians will often mock 'CAGW' (catastrophic anthropogenic global warming), but the sad reality is that CAGW is looking more and more likely every day.

    (Eclectic, is Dana just shouting a slogan here ?)

    My original question was what percentage of climate scientists today believe that global warming will be catastrophic ?  Given that the IPCC now believes that RCP8.5 has a low likelyhood of occuring, the chances of a greater than 4°C warming along with the prophesied catastrophic effects seem unsupported.

  31. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Scaddenp @14 ,

    Very droll.  And on target.  As well as anything causing "change".

    Many of them use the same catastrophic ideation about taxation & governments . . . except when the guvmint supplies services to *me*

  32. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    I thought the working definition of "catastrophic" for deniers was "something that would force me to pay more tax"

  33. At a glance - The 97% consensus on global warming

    Incredibly well written, informative, accurate explanation. A delight to read.  Although I still have some trouble reconciling "at a glance" with quite a long explanation.

  34. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    To avoid further distractions on this thread, it is worth noting that the studies mentioned are addressing the question of the cause of recent warming (roughly, over the past century). There are three implications in this:

    1. The global climate has warmed over the last century.
    2. The warming is not just "random variation" - it has been caused by something.
    3. Increases in atmospheric CO2, from human activity, are the major cause.

    Three contrarian "talking points" are discounted by these studies:

    1. The "it's not happening" position in wrong.
    2. The "it's not us" position is wrong.
    3. The "there is lots of disagreement on 'it's not us'" is wrong.

    Gordon's misdirection on "catastrophic" suffers from at least two problems:

    1. The studies look at what the literature says about the cause of climate change up to the present date, with no consideration of the good/bad nature of those changes.
    2. The studies do not examine what the literature predicts will happen in the future, or whether that will be good/bad.

    Gordon is following the expected contrarian path. Having failed on the 'it's not happening" and "it's not us" arguments, the expected third stage is well under way: "it's not bad". That, too, is an extremely weak position, and few climate scientists exist that hold that position.

  35. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Gordon can't or won't provide a definition of "catastrophic"? I'm shocked, I tell, shocked.

    Maybe he does not know the definition of "definition". Here it is, from Wiktionary:

    (semantics, lexicography) A statement of the meaning of a word or word group or a sign or symbol (dictionary definitions).

    Your definition of "elephant" needs to be more precise than "a big animal with large ears".

    While I am at it, let's look at "catastrophic" (also from Wiktionary):

    catastrophic (comparative more catastrophic, superlative most catastrophic)

    1. Of or pertaining to a catastrophe.
    2. Disastrous; ruinous.
    3. From which recovery is impossible.

    catastrophic failure

    At which point we may as well add "catastrophe":

    catastrophe (plural catastrophes)

    1. Any large and disastrous event of great significance.
    2. (insurance) A disaster beyond expectations.

    Still rather general - losing one's house in  a flood may be catastrophic for the people living in that house, but is not catastrophic for another person half way around the world.

    ...but such vagueness is a feature for Gordon, not a bug. By avoiding his own definition, he gets to use it as a "slogan for shouting" (to use Eclectic's words). He gets to avoid any real discussion of the implications of warming, can repeatedly take positions such as "I don't think that is catastrophic" without saying what he thinks is catastrophic, and just use the slogan as an attack on the significance of the studies mentioned in this blog post.

    Gordon is introducing "catastrophic" as a red herring. He is engaging in misdirection (Look, squirrel!):

    1. An act of misleading, of convincing someone to concentrate in an incorrect direction.

    The magician used misdirection to get us to watch his left hand while he did something with his right hand.

    ...and just in case anyone does not know what a squirrel is (it's not just "a small animal with small ears"):

    squirrel (plural squirrels)

    1. Any of the rodents of the family Sciuridae distinguished by their large bushy tail.

    Any further discussion of whether or not global warming is bad should probably go on this thread:

    Positives and negatives of global warming

  36. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Michael @10   ~ yes, points taken.

    But the question of time scale : that's probably best viewed by the usual legal yardstick of "reasonable"  ~  that which would be reasonably expected over a reasonable timespan in reasonably predictable circumstances, as viewed by a reasonable person (or better, by a reasonable climate scientist).  Does that sound reasonable?

    A future sea level rise of 1 meter has been closely estimated as displacing around 230 million people.  Presumably a rise of 2 meters would displace well over twice that number, and would destroy a far greater amount of fertile farmland into the bargain.  Perhaps not a problem if occurring over 2,000 years  ~  but  not-quite-unbearably-catastrophic  if occurring over the more reasonably likely timespan of 200 years.

    In short, the term "catastrophic" is nearly useless.

    Beg to differ on (your) suggestion of catastrophe definition by dollar scale.  Too much room for endless wrangling there, whether the figures be $10 Trillion or $50 Trillion or $500 Trillion  (not to mention if these figures are additional costs or partly-substitute costs  +/- dependence on future unknowable technologies).   Besides, oooooodles of zeros can have a stultifying effect on the average mind [such as mine].

    Dollar scale is inferior to scale by Deaths & Displacements & Destroyed farmlands.

  37. michael sweet at 22:26 PM on 16 May 2023
    EPA’s car pollution rules would save Americans trillions of dollars


    I have seen many comments online about electric cars being heavier than ICE cars.  I was very surprised to see your numbers showing that the difference is only 10-15% of the total weight.  Since batteries improve every year, in the near future the weight difference will depend completely on the range the designers want (more range more weight).  I note that popular big SUVs and 4 door pickups are even heavier.

    I agree with you that this is trivial.   As I said in comment 4, this looks like fossil propaganda.

  38. michael sweet at 21:32 PM on 16 May 2023
    10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Is it "catastrophic" if sea level rises 2 meters in 1000 years, or do we have enough time to adjust?  It would be catastrophic if sea level rose 2 meters in 5 years.  You need an amount and a time.  I think a cash amount is easiest to start with.  Since it is a forecast you need a percentage chance.  If the chance of catastrophe is only .01% most people would not care.

    Is it more likely than not that climate damages worldwide exceed $10 trillion before 2050 or $50 trillion by 2100? 

    You could have a single value or two possible catastrophes.  Or you could do human cost:

    Is it more likely than not that Climate Change will result in over 100 million refugee by 2050?  Or perhaps over 50 million deaths?

    I think items like ecological damage are too hard to estimate.  Single items like likely sea level rise are too specialized. 

    Scientists would have to offer heir opinion on topics that are not heir specialty.  For example Zeke Hausfather gives good temperature descriptions, we want his thoughts on the chances of catastrophe.  We only want opinions from experts, not just the man on the street or some paid fossil shill.

  39. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Gordon @6 ,

    your quote ["potentially catastrophic"] is not a definition.

    Better to give your own words to say what you mean by catastrophic.

    As John Mason points out, the word means many different things to different people ~ and it is impossible to have an intelligent discussion unless everyone has a common concept of what's being talked about.   Otherwise, words like catastrophic  are just "slogans for shouting"  ~ and nothing gets achieved (apart from the exercise of shouting).

  40. How to inoculate yourself against misinformation

    Petra Liverani I find it interesting why people such as yourself claim to be more open when in reality you are the least open as your stand point just dismisses volumes of scientific evidence that doesn't fit your own beliefs & feeling.  Contrarian thinking can have a value in science to stress standing hypothesis & create alternative hypothesis. However alot of alternative hypothesis continue to be kicked around well after their sell-by date as the evidence against them grows.  We see this in climate science with the likes Lindzen. His climate predictions were proved wrong. He could of conceded, but instead doubled fown and went into the 'it's a conspiracy against me'.  The evidence against Terrain theory is so high their are branches of science dedicated to virology that you have dismiss over a 100years of scientific evidence.  The pieces of Terrain theory that had merit where long included into health care such as the role environment & personal health that's how science works it incorporates things which can ve evidenced as having an effect.  The ideas pushed by the likes of Sam Bailey have long been dismissed to the point she is reverting to scientific knowledge of the 1800's when trying to apply Koch's postulates.  Again this mirrors climate science where past talking points are continually rehashed though the scientific evidence had dismissed them long ago.  The poor logic deployed to dismiss any evidence against a biased position is astonishing - the vast organisation, cost, number of people invloved etc that would be required gor these conspiracy theory's to be real is laughable when membersof governments can't even keep their affairs secret.

    Moderator Response:

    [BL] Note that you are replying to a thread that was last active nearly a year ago. Petra Liverani has not posted anything since then. A reply is unlikely.

  41. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    John Mason @7 ,

    You are quite right ~ "going red giant" is vastly more likely (tho' gradual)

    . . . so I rate that as only  # 97%  catastrophic.

    ~Was going to say # 95% , but 97% is an almost inescapable climate figure .

  42. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Eclectic #5 - nice!

    The trouble with terms like "catastrophic" is that one man's minor catastrophe is another's Bad Hair Day... but yes I think we can agree about the Sun going Nova (or, the likelier outcome, to red giant). There are a lot of subjective terms out there - 'dangerous' is another.

  43. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Bob @4,

    Can we use the Skeptical Science definition ?

    The consequences of climate change become increasingly bad after each additional degree of warming, with the consequences of 2°C being quite damaging and the consequences of 4°C being potentially catastrophic.

  44. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Perhaps "catastrophic" should only be used when quantified by %  .

    # 100% catastrophic  =  the Sun goes supernova

    #  90%  catastrophic  =  moon-size asteroid strikes Earth

    #  30%  catastrophic  =  sea level rises 2 meters

    #  20%  catastrophic  =  Floridian gets re-elected President

    #   5%   catastrophic  =  price of gasoline exceeds $8 per gallon

    #  0.1%  catastrophic  =  earthquake tsunami destroys New York.

    Something along those sorts of lines.  Quantification essential.

    You can't intelligently manage to talk about it, if you can't measure it.

  45. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Gordon @ 3:

    Ah, yes, the good old "catastrophic" squirrel.

    I'll tell you what: if you can provide us with your definition of "catastrophic" - and it is a clear, well-expressed definition - then maybe we'll pay some attention to you.

    Until then, we'll just assume that you are playing debating games. "Catastrophic Anthropogenic Global Warming" (CAGW) is the center square in ClimateBall Bingo.

  46. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    On the 10th Anniversary of the 97% consensus study maybe it is time to find out what percentage of climate scientists believe that global warming will be catastrophic ?

  47. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    If you sum all of the (100-percentages) up you get over 30 percents of papers disagree with AGW. And if assume that they are only 95% certain, because I heard somewhere about p values and confidence limits at 95%, then we can take another 5% off for each of those 9 papers, which is 45%, add the initial 30% and we get 75% total papers disagree with AGW. Flawless denier math!

    Please don't ban me, this is sarcasm / humour.

  48. 10 year anniversary of 97% consensus study

    Plus ca change....

    I notice that if you look at the total number of downloads of the later "Consensus on consensus" paper and the Tol paper that triggered it, 95% of the downloads are for "Consensus on consensus". That's gotta hurt.

  49. 2023 SkS Weekly Climate Change & Global Warming News Roundup #19

    Brown Report Claims Anti-Wind Group Uses Deceit, Delay, Denial and Chicanery to Sabotage Crucial Renewable Energy

    The report emphasises that the denial techniques used by the local group use "data" from fossil-fuel funded national institutions.

    It cannot be stated too often that climate denial, misinformation, disinformation and simple outright lies comes from groups mostly funded by the oil and gas industries and rich people with large investments in the oil & gas industries.

    It also cannot be denied that climate denial / obstruction has been successfully implanted at all levels of Government and in small local denier groups, and they are increasingly effective in blocking progress in reducing CO2 emissions.

    It is a pity that lying now seems to be a normal acceptable part of discussion.

  50. 2023 SkS Weekly Climate Change & Global Warming News Roundup #19

    Regarding: "Climate scientists first laughed at a ‘bizarre’ campaign against the BoM – then came the harassment by Graham Readfearn , Guardian, May 7th 2023" (Where the Australian bureau of meterology was essentially falsely accused of introducing a warm bias into the temperature records).

    New Zealand had a similar campaign against climate scientists as follows:

    Case against NIWA (Summary)

    On 5 July 2010, The New Zealand Climate Science Education Trust (NZCSET), associated with the New Zealand Climate Science Coalition, filed a legal case against the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) claiming that the organisation had used a methodology to adjust historic temperature data that was not in line with received scientific opinion.[53] The Coalition lodged papers with the High Court asking the court to rule that the official temperatures record of NIWA were invalid. The Coalition later claimed that the "1degC warming during the 20th century was based on adjustments taken by Niwa from a 1981 student thesis by then student Jim Salinger...[and]...the Salinger thesis was subjective and untested and meteorologists more senior to Salinger did not consider the temperature data should be adjusted."[54] The case was dismissed, with the judgement concluding that the "plaintiff does not succeed on any of its challenges to the three decisions of NIWA in the issue. The application for judicial review is dismissed and judgment entered for the defendant."[55] On 11 November 2013, the Court of Appeal of New Zealand dismissed an appeal by the Trust against the award of costs to NIWA.[56][57][58] NIWA Chief Executive John Morgan said the organisation was pleased with the outcome, stating that there had been no evidence presented that might call the integrity of NIWA scientists into question.[59]

    There was concern in 2014 that the New Zealand Climate Science Education Trust had not paid the amount of $89,000 to NIWA as ordered by the High Court, and this was a cost to be borne by the taxpayers of New Zealand. Trustee Bryan Leyland, when asked about its assets, said: "To my knowledge, there is no money. We spent a large amount of money on the court case, there were some expensive legal technicalities...[and that]...funding had come from a number of sources, which are confidential".[60] Shortly after that, the New Zealand Climate Science Education Trust (NZCSET) was put into formal liquidation.[61] On 23 January 2014, Salinger stated that this "marked the end of a four-year epic saga of secretly-funded climate denial, harassment of scientists and tying-up of valuable government resources in New Zealand."[62] He also explained the background to the issue around the Seven-station New Zealand temperature series (7SS)[63] and how he felt this had been misrepresented by the Trust.[62]

    (My comments) I recall that during the case NIWAS methodology was also peer reviewed by an independent climate organisation in Australia and they endorsed the methods used. One of the other issues I recall was the judge dismissed the climate denialists expert witnesses because they were not qualified to give evidence on climate science. Details in this article:

    More details and link to the full ruling.



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